What does “donor” mean?
A donor (from the Latin word “dono” – “I donate”) is a person who provides blood, an organ, or semen for transplantation, transfusion, etc.
In 2019, the campaign runs under the slogan “Safe blood for all”.
According to the research and production center for transfusiology, more than 200 thousand people donate blood in Kazakhstan every year. About 18 thousand of them donate 3 or more times. About 40 thousand blood donations are carried out in Nur-Sultan annually.
The story of one donor
Zauresh Rakhimova is an operator, working at №4 polyclinic in Kostanay city. She has been a donor for 30 years.
“For the first time, I donated blood when I was 18 years old to take an extra two days off on a holiday in order to go home. I was a student. Now I’m 48”, she started her story.
Following that day, she has been donating blood regularly. Sometimes she was asked to donate blood for her friends and relatives.
“Then it became a necessity. I understand and realize that I can really help”, Zauresh shared her thoughts.
The donor keeps a healthy lifestyle.
“I have the first blood type, Rh-positive. It is obligatory to abide some rules: the day before, you should not eat fatty food, drink alcohol, you should be relaxed”, she continued.
Answering the question about compensation, Zauresh Rakhimova said that she spends this money on charity.
“At a time, I donate 450 milliliters of blood. It’s about 700 tenge. Sometimes I donate a blood plasma. There are 500 milliliters or more, and the compensation is bigger. But I spend this money for charitable uses: give to the city’s mosque or buy bread, or give out to those who are in need of money. I am a little ashamed to talk about it, because my dad said: “If you help people, do not talk about it. Most importantly, you know that you are helping”, she stated.
Zauresh is not alone in her family who donates blood.
“My father, Rakhimov Konusbay, was an Honorary donor! He always donated blood without compensation. My son, Malik, is a donor, too. He is 28 years old. Nephews Kairat, 29, and Askhat, 26, donate blood periodically. Mariya, my older sister. She is 50 years old and she is a doctor”, Zauresh Rakhimova said.
(Zauresh's donor ID card)
The woman doesn’t think it’s necessary to urge people to donate blood. In her opinion, it should be a voice of people’s hearts.
“When I hear that blood is urgently needed, I ask for leave of my job and rush to the blood center. It’s not necessary to urge people to donate blood. It should be a voice of people’s hearts. But it's nice to see a lot of young people donating their blood. In general, there are a lot of good, kind, helpful people”, Zauresh Rakhimova concluded.
Who can be a donor?
Any citizen of Kazakhstan who has reached the age of 18 can become a donor.
Before blood donation, he or she has to be medically examined by a transfusiologist or a blood service therapist.
A person who has been taken ill with or has had hepatitis, syphilis or tuberculosis diseases cannot become a donor. Persons living with HIV or drug users are not admitted to the procedure, as well as those who have a history of chronic diseases of the liver, kidneys, cardiovascular system.
Time constraints include reduced hemoglobin – RHb (up to 110 grams per liter for women, 120 grams per liter for men), as well as recent surgery, dental care or extraction of teeth, medication, vaccinations or stay in endemic areas.
Adult’s body has about 5.5 liters of blood. At a time, no more than 350-450 milliliters are taken from a donor.
Advantages of blood donation
According to the World Health Organization, people who donate blood regularly live an average of five years longer. They keep a healthy lifestyle.
In Kazakhstan, within the framework of the statutory free medical assistance, donors are provided with free test results for some common diseases, a hemoglobin level, as well as the blood group and Rh factor.
“Blood services that provide patients with access to safe blood supplies are key components of effective healthcare systems. Patients who have become donors can receive free tests for HIV, hepatitis B and C, and syphilis within the framework of the state budget”, the Social Health Insurance Foundation’s press service informed.
On the blood donation day, pupils and students are relieved from lessons, servicemen – from taking orders and employees – from work with the maintenance of the average monthly salary. In addition, donors are provided with a two-day vocation.
One more advantage is to receive KZT631 in compensation (0.25 MCI). A donor has a choice - to take money or free hot meals.
It should be noted that more than 470 medical organizations provide transfusion care in Kazakhstan.